A History of Rabbit’s Motel
The Creating of A Cultural Landmark
75 Years In Service
Opened in 1947 by Fred “Rabbit” Simpson, Rabbit’s Motel was a crown jewel of Black-owned Tourist Courts for African-American travelers in the segregation-era South, providing lodging and good home cooking for many Black travelers including Negro league athletes, chitlin’ circuit musicians and sports figures. It was an $89,000 business upon opening and featured an indoor dining room fountain, state-of-the art boiler, curb-side service, wide brick-trim columns topped with sculpted vases and modern room furnishings of the time.
Most of the larger Black bands and entertainers stayed at the James-Keys Hotel, originally the Booker T. Washington, a Black-owned ballroom/venue, hotel and apartments, and billiards floor on Depot St.
Rabbit’s Motel Guests
Lost Communities of Black Exceptionalism in Asheville
Rabbit’s Motel sat in the heart of Southside, a flourishing African-American community that was one of many early-Asheville flourishing Black communities in Asheville. Southside contained a vital business district for the African-American community as much as The Block in the center of downtown, which was a center of Black commercialism and one of the largest black-owned business districts in the South. The Block was adjacent to East End, home of Stephans-Lee High School, the only public African-American school in North Carolina.
Southside was a mixed district of businesses ranging from funeral homes and drive-in diners, and was an entertainment hub of hotels and bar-clubs frequented by chitlin’ circuit groups as well as supporting a robust local music scene of Black bands.
Municipal neglect to these communities allowed widespread blight. The practices of Urban Renewal upended these historic communities over a period of 30 years. Entire neighborhoods were dispossessed, roads were redrawn. Communities and their sense of belonging and connection were dismantled. In just the East Riverside area alone, “we lost more than 1,100 homes, six beauty parlors, five barber shops, five filling stations, fourteen grocery stores, three laundromats, eight apartment houses, seven churches, three shoe shops, two cabinet shops, two auto body shops, one hotel, five funeral homes, one hospital, and three doctor’s offices.” (Reverend Wesley Grant) During the East Riverside Redevelopment Project, an urban renewal effort targeting 425 across was completely demolished.
YMI Cultural Center| A center of of civic, cultural and business for Asheville’s Black community founded in 1893, it is the oldest African American institution of its kind.
The Outcasts – NC Battle of the Bands winner, 1979, named number one R&B, Soul and Top Forty band in North Carolina. (kneeling l to r) Edward Stout, saxophonist; Darriel Jones, drummer; (seated) Patricia McAfee, vocalist; (standing l to r) Marvin Seabrooks, trombonist; Mike Steele, saxophonist; Mike Miller, lead guitarist; and Jay McDowell, bass. (Photo, Henry Robinson).